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Nature and Environment


THE CAP D ‘OR

It is a narrow peninsula that juts into the sea nearly 1 km and has a maximum altitude of 166m above sea level.

It presents a rich and diverse natural vegetation. Since 2002, it is part of the network of micro flora of the Valencian Community and of the Natura 2000 European network of sites of i of Community interest (L.I.C) under the name of “Penyasegats de la Marina”. Some of the species to be highlighted are: marina aliaga, the Valencian chime, Ifach silene, mastic, palm hearts and Rosemary.

In terms of fauna emphasizes the presence of rabbits, foxes, common Hedgehogs, Badgers and field rats, and birds like , Peregrine Falcon, common swift and common Partridge.

This area has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Proof of this are the valuable archaeological sites from the Paleolithic era, found in the Cova de Cendra, as well as the remains of an Iberian settlement. It Is crowned by a lookout tower of century XVI. (Source: catalogue “Places of interest environmental in the municipality of Teulada” Department of the environment).

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_THE COVA DE LES RATES

It is a cavity located on the peninsula of Cap d ‘ Or formed by the erosive action of water on the limestone rock. It has two entries a few meters above the sea level and inside there are two large rooms. Access is only possible from the sea.

Since 2004 it is declared as a reserve of wildlife by the Ministry of land and housing of the Generalitat Valenciana, as one of the most important refuges of different species of bats (“rates penades”), that have made this their habitat  of breeding and reproduction. We mainly find cave bats and buzzard grey bats.

It is important to prevent the entrance into the cave between the months of April and August, period of reproduction of these sensitive species.

It is also the archaeological site of the bronze age and the Iberian period.

(Source: catalogue “Places of interest environmental in the municipality of Teulada”Department of the environment).

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_THE MARJAL DEL SENILLAR

Itis a coastal wetland (small lagoon) next to the beach of L’ampolla. Consisting of a series of Lakes separated from the sea by a barrier of sand – beach L’ampolla – and it’s one of the natural outlets  of the Barranc de les Sorts. The water that feeds into it flows through some natural Springs – “ullals” – located inside.

The banks of the Marsh are constituted by plant species such as the reeds  or “senill” – that give it its name-, the rush, the enea and the taray. In the dunes we find marine thistle, sea fennel, sea Lily and barron.

Fauna species include the Common Moorhen, Mallard and Reed Warbler flea among thebirds; the common frog, common sabo and the viperine snake between amphibians and reptiles; and mullet and eel among the fish and “gambeta” crustacean endemic of the Mediterranean.

It was declared a wildlife reserve in the year 2004, since it houses a population of fish called “fartet”, in danger of extinction.

(Source: catalogue “Places of interest environmental in the municipality of Teulada”Department of the environment).

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_LA SOLANA DE CANOR Y LA SERRA CEL.LETES

They are located in the northern part of the municipality and access from the Nacional 332. It is a mountainous area with a maximum altitude of 402 m., 130 acres and a rugged land.

It has been declared in the year 2006 as A micro-plant reserve.

There are archeological sites from the Paleolithic to Roman times (Morro de Castellar,Fardatxo, carbide Cova-Cova).

(Source: catalogue “Places of interest environmental in the municipality of Teulada”Department of the environment).

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_THE VALL DE LES SORTS

It is an agricultural valley that stands out for its cultivation of vines (Roman muscatel variety),with an important scenic and environmental value, representing the traditional agricultural landscape of the municipality. Therefore is has been declared as a protected landscape since 2006.

The best was to enjoy this enclave is by means of the Camí de Camarrocha

Animal species include mostly birds, with the presence of the Bonelli Bonelli, the Kestrel and the little Owl. We also find goldfinches, abjarucos, stonechat, Nightingales, greenfinches, crested larks, common and Lark and hoopoe.

(Source: catalogue “Places of interest environmental in the municipality of Teulada”Department of the environment).